ESL Questions About Penguins

Hey there, fellow ESL teachers! Welcome back to our blog, where we’re always on a mission to make your classroom a more engaging and exciting place. Today, we’re diving into a fascinating topic that is sure to captivate your students’ attention – penguins! These adorable creatures are not only fascinating to learn about but also make for great teaching material. So, whether you want to explore their unique characteristics or delve into their habitats and behavior, we’ve got you covered with a range of resources and worksheets that will make your ESL lessons shine. Let’s waddle into the world of penguins together and discover the wonders that await us!

ESL Speaking Questions About Penguins

Sure! Here are 20 beginner level speaking questions about penguins:

Beginner ESL Questions about Penguins

  1. Do you know what a penguin is?
  2. What colors are penguins?
  3. Are penguins big or small?
  4. Where do penguins live?
  5. Do penguins live in cold or warm places?
  6. Are there penguins in your country?
  7. What do penguins eat?
  8. Can penguins fly?
  9. How do penguins move on land?
  10. Can penguins swim?
  11. What is unique about penguins’ feathers?
  12. What are some predators of penguins?
  13. How do penguins keep their eggs warm?
  14. Do penguins live in groups?
  15. What sounds do penguins make?
  16. What is the average lifespan of a penguin?
  17. How do penguins find their way back to their nests?
  18. Are penguins endangered?
  19. What are some interesting facts about penguins?
  20. Have you ever seen a penguin in real life?

Intermediate ESL Questions about Penguins

  1. Have you ever seen a penguin in real life?
  2. What do penguins look like?
  3. Where do penguins live in the world?
  4. Are penguins found in both warm and cold climates?
  5. How do penguins keep themselves warm in cold weather?
  6. What is the average size of a penguin?
  7. How do penguins move on land?
  8. Can penguins fly?
  9. What is the main diet of penguins?
  10. How do penguins catch their prey?
  11. Do penguins have any predators?
  12. Why do penguins huddle together in groups?
  13. How do penguins communicate with each other?
  14. Can penguins swim underwater?
  15. Where do penguins lay their eggs?
  16. How long does it take for a penguin egg to hatch?
  17. How do penguin parents take care of their chicks?
  18. When do penguin chicks learn to swim and catch food?
  19. What are some adaptations that penguins have for their environment?
  20. Do penguins migrate to different places during different seasons?

Advanced ESL Questions about Penguins

  1. What adaptations do penguins have to survive in cold environments?
  2. How do penguins communicate with each other?
  3. What is the average lifespan of a penguin?
  4. Why do penguins have feathers instead of fur?
  5. What is unique about the mating rituals of Emperor Penguins?
  6. How do penguins find their way back to their breeding grounds each year?
  7. What are some of the threats to penguin populations?
  8. How do penguins stay warm in freezing temperatures?
  9. What is the role of the male and female penguin in parenting their chicks?
  10. How do penguins catch fish in the water?
  11. What are some of the different species of penguins and where are they found?
  12. How do penguins protect themselves from predators?
  13. What is the purpose of the unique coloration and patterns on a penguin’s belly?
  14. How do penguins take care of their feathers and keep them clean?
  15. Why do penguins lay their eggs on land instead of in water?
  16. How do penguins regulate their body temperature in extreme climates?
  17. What are some interesting facts about penguins that most people may not know?
  18. How do penguins find their prey underwater?
  19. What is the role of blubber in a penguin’s body?
  20. Why are penguins considered to be indicator species for the health of the marine environment?
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ESL Reading Activities About Penguins

Beginner ESL Activities About Penguins

Penguins are birds that cannot fly. They live in cold places, like Antarctica. Penguins have a special way of walking. They waddle from side to side because their legs are short and their bodies are round. Penguins have webbed feet, which helps them swim in the water. They use their wings like flippers to help them glide through the sea.

Penguins eat fish and small sea animals. They catch their food by diving into the water. Penguins love to eat krill, a tiny shrimp-like animal. They also eat squid and small fish. Penguins use their beaks to catch and swallow their food.

Penguins live in groups called colonies. They build nests with stones to lay their eggs. The male penguins take turns keeping the eggs warm while the females go to find food. When the baby penguins hatch, they have soft, fluffy feathers. They stay close to their parents and learn how to swim and find food.

Penguins have thick feathers that keep them warm in the cold climate. They have a layer of fat called blubber, which helps to keep them warm too. Penguins also have a special gland that helps waterproof their feathers, so they do not become wet.

Here are some vocabulary words related to penguins:

Vocabulary Word
birds that cannot fly and live in cold places
to walk with short steps from side to side
webbed feet
feet with skin between the toes to help swimming
to move smoothly and easily through the water
a tiny shrimp-like animal
the hard, pointed mouth part that some animals have
groups of penguins that live together
a place where birds lay their eggs and take care of their babies
a layer of fat that keeps penguins warm
something that does not allow water to pass through

Intermediate ESL Activities: About Penguins

Penguins are fascinating creatures that live in the icy regions of the world. They are flightless birds that have adapted to life in the water. There are 17 different species of penguins, each with its own unique characteristics.

Penguins are well-known for their distinct black and white feathers, which help them camouflage in the water. These feathers are waterproof and keep the penguins warm in the freezing temperatures. Penguins have a thick layer of blubber under their skin that acts as insulation.

One of the most interesting things about penguins is their amazing swimming abilities. They use their wings, known as flippers, to help them glide through the water. Penguins can dive deep into the ocean in search of fish, their primary source of food. Some penguins can stay underwater for several minutes at a time!

Penguins are highly social animals and live in large colonies. They communicate with each other using a variety of sounds and body movements. They have a strong sense of community and work together to protect each other from predators.

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Penguins have special adaptations that allow them to survive in extremely cold environments. For example, they have a gland above their eyes that helps them get rid of salt from the ocean water they consume. This adaptation allows them to drink saltwater without becoming dehydrated.

While penguins may look clumsy on land, they are excellent swimmers and have streamlined bodies built for life in the water. They use their feet to propel themselves forward and their tails to steer. Penguins can reach impressive speeds of up to 15 miles per hour!

In conclusion, penguins are incredible creatures adapted to life in extreme conditions. Their unique characteristics, such as their waterproof feathers and swimming abilities, make them a truly remarkable species. Learning about penguins can be an exciting and educational experience for intermediate ESL learners.

Vocabulary Word
extremely interesting or captivating
unable to fly
changed or adjusted to fit a specific environment or circumstance
blending or concealing oneself with the surroundings
impervious to water or moisture
material that prevents the transfer of heat or cold
animals that hunt and kill other animals for food
special features or behaviors that help an organism survive in its environment
having a shape that allows smooth movement through a fluid, such as water or air
having a strong impact or making a vivid impression

Advanced ESL Activities About Penguins

Penguins are fascinating birds that are known for their unique characteristics and behavior. These flightless birds are found primarily in the Southern Hemisphere, particularly in Antarctica. With their streamlined bodies and flipper-like wings, penguins are excellent swimmers and divers. They spend a large portion of their lives in the water, hunting for fish, squid, and krill.

One of the most remarkable features of penguins is their ability to adapt to extremely cold temperatures. Their bodies are covered with a thick layer of blubber and dense feathers that provide insulation against the freezing climate. This adaptation allows them to survive in harsh conditions that are inhospitable for most other species.

Penguins are highly social creatures and live in large colonies. They communicate with each other through various sounds and body movements. The unique vocalizations of penguins, such as braying and trumpeting, can be heard echoing across the icy landscapes.

During breeding season, penguins gather in specific areas to lay and incubate their eggs. They are monogamous animals, meaning they form long-term pairs with a single mate. Both parents take turns incubating the egg, balancing it on their feet and covering it with a warm layer of feathered skin called a brood pouch.

Once the egg hatches, the parents continue to care for the chick by feeding it regurgitated food. The chicks grow rapidly and develop their waterproof feathers, enabling them to join the adults in the water as they learn how to fish and survive on their own.

Penguins are often associated with their distinctive waddle as they walk on land. This waddling motion is due to their short legs and upright posture. Despite their seemingly comical gait, penguins are expert swimmers and can reach impressive speeds underwater.

Unfortunately, penguins face various threats in their natural habitats, including climate change, pollution, and overfishing. Conservation efforts are crucial to ensure the survival of these incredible birds and the ecosystems they depend on.


Vocabulary Word
The distinguishing features or qualities of something or someone.
Animals that plunge into water, usually referring to birds looking for food.
The act of protecting against heat, cold, noise, or electricity.
Unfriendly or unwelcoming; not suitable as a living environment.
Bring food previously swallowed back to the mouth or beak for further chewing or digestion.
A young bird that has recently grown the feathers necessary for flight.
Causing laughter or amusement through being absurd or exaggerated.
A biological community of interacting organisms and their physical environment.
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ESL Writing Activities About Penguins

Beginner ESL Writing Questions about penguins

1. What does a penguin look like?
2. Where do penguins live?
3. How do penguins move on land?
4. What do penguins eat?
5. How do penguins stay warm in cold weather?

Intermediate ESL Writing Questions about penguins

1. Describe the life cycle of a penguin.
2. What are the different species of penguins?
3. Explain the significance of the penguin’s unique black and white coloration.
4. Discuss the challenges penguins face in their natural habitats.
5. Compare and contrast the behavior of penguins on land versus in the water.

Advanced ESL Writing Questions about penguins

1. Investigate the relationship between climate change and the declining penguin population.
2. Analyze the adaptations of penguins to their Antarctic environment.
3. Debate the ethics of penguin captivity in zoos and aquariums.
4. Discuss the role of penguins in popular culture, such as movies and literature.
5. Examine the various research methods used to study penguins and their behavior in the wild.

ESL Roleplay Activities about Penguins

1. Penguin Caretakers:
In this roleplay activity, students can imagine they are penguin caretakers at a zoo or a wildlife sanctuary. They can take turns playing the roles of caretakers and penguins. Students can practice giving instructions to the penguins, such as feeding them, cleaning their habitat, and teaching them to swim. This activity will help students practice giving and following instructions, using verbs in the imperative form, and expand their vocabulary related to penguins.

2. Penguin Research Team:
In this roleplay, students imagine they are part of a research team studying penguins in Antarctica. Each student can be assigned a specific role, such as a biologist, photographer, or data collector. They can work together to discuss their findings, plan their research, and present their discoveries to the class. This activity will enable students to practice using scientific vocabulary, discussing ideas, and presenting information to others.

3. Penguin Family Adventure:
In this roleplay activity, students can pretend to be members of a penguin family going on an adventure. They can discuss and plan their trip to different parts of the world where penguins live, such as Antarctica, South Africa, or Australia. Students can practice making travel arrangements, booking flights and accommodations, and creating a travel itinerary. This activity will help students practice using travel-related vocabulary, asking questions, and providing information.

4. Penguin Rescue Mission:
In this roleplay, students can imagine they are involved in a penguin rescue mission. They can take on different roles, such as rescuers, veterinarians, or managers at a wildlife rescue center. Students can practice making phone calls to report injured penguins, discussing the best course of action, and organizing a rescue operation. This activity will enable students to practice using emergency vocabulary, problem-solving, and making decisions.

5. Penguin Olympics:
In this roleplay activity, students can participate in a penguin-themed Olympics event. Students can be divided into different teams, each representing a different type of penguin. They can compete in various events, such as penguin waddle race, swimming race, or diving competition. This activity will help students practice talking about sports, describing physical actions, and cheering for their team.

Remember to adapt and modify the roleplay activities to suit the English proficiency level of your students. These activities will not only engage students but also enhance their English communication skills, vocabulary, and teamwork abilities.