ESL Questions About Peru

Peru – a vibrant and awe-inspiring country nestled in the heart of South America. Known for its rich history, diverse culture, and breathtaking landscapes, it is a destination that captures the imagination of travelers from around the globe. From the mighty peaks of the Andes to the lush green jungles of the Amazon, Peru offers an abundance of natural beauty and wonders waiting to be explored. But Peru isn’t just a feast for the eyes; it’s also a treasure trove for ESL teachers looking to engage their students in a fun and educational way. In this blog post, we will delve into the fascinating world of teaching ESL through the lens of Peru, providing you with articles and worksheets that will inspire and enhance your classroom lessons. So, grab your virtual passports and join us on this exciting journey through Peru’s language, culture, and traditions. Let’s begin!

ESL Speaking Questions About Peru

Beginner ESL Questions about Peru

  1. Where is Peru located?
  2. What is the capital city of Peru?
  3. What language do people speak in Peru?
  4. What are some famous tourist attractions in Peru?
  5. What is the traditional food of Peru?
  6. What are some traditional dances in Peru?
  7. What animals are native to Peru?
  8. What is Machu Picchu and why is it famous?
  9. Have you ever tried Peruvian cuisine? If so, what did you eat?
  10. What is the weather like in Peru?
  11. What is the currency used in Peru?
  12. What is the national sport of Peru?
  13. What is the population of Peru?
  14. What are some famous festivals celebrated in Peru?
  15. What is the official language of Peru?
  16. Have you ever been to Peru, or do you want to visit? Why?
  17. What are some famous Peruvian traditions?
  18. What is the geography of Peru like?
  19. What are some traditional crafts or textiles from Peru?
  20. What are some notable historical figures from Peru?

Intermediate ESL Questions about Peru

  1. What is the capital city of Peru?
  2. What is the official language of Peru?
  3. Can you name any famous landmarks in Peru?
  4. What is the currency used in Peru?
  5. What are some traditional Peruvian dishes?
  6. What is the climate like in Peru?
  7. What are some popular tourist attractions in Peru?
  8. What is the altitude of the famous Inca city of Machu Picchu?
  9. Can you name any famous Peruvian musicians or artists?
  10. What is the traditional dress for Peruvian women called?
  11. What are some important festivals or celebrations in Peru?
  12. What are some traditional sports or activities in Peru?
  13. Who is considered a national hero in Peru?
  14. What are some traditional crafts or products made in Peru?
  15. What is the official religion of Peru?
  16. What is the population of Peru?
  17. Can you name any famous Peruvian authors or poets?
  18. What are some natural wonders or landscapes found in Peru?
  19. What are some traditional instruments used in Peruvian music?
  20. What is the national dish of Peru?

Advanced ESL Questions about Peru

  1. What are some famous Peruvian dishes and what ingredients are used in these dishes?
  2. How has tourism impacted the economy of Peru?
  3. What are some traditional festivals or celebrations in Peru?
  4. What are the major exports of Peru?
  5. Can you describe the history and significance of Machu Picchu?
  6. What role does the Amazon Rainforest play in Peru’s ecosystem?
  7. What are some popular attractions and landmarks in Lima, the capital city of Peru?
  8. Can you explain the significance of the Nazca Lines in Peru?
  9. What are some traditional dances or music styles in Peru?
  10. How do Peruvians celebrate Christmas and other major holidays?
  11. Can you describe the indigenous cultures that exist in Peru?
  12. What are some famous literary works or authors from Peru?
  13. What are the major sports that Peruvians enjoy playing and watching?
  14. How does the geography of Peru influence its climate and agricultural practices?
  15. What are some notable archaeological sites in Peru besides Machu Picchu?
  16. Can you explain the history and significance of the Inca civilization in Peru?
  17. What are some challenges that Peru faces in terms of environmental conservation?
  18. How has the traditional clothing and fashion in Peru evolved over time?
  19. What are some traditional crafts or artwork that are unique to Peru?
  20. Can you describe some famous Peruvian historical figures and their contributions?
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ESL Reading Activities About Peru

Beginner ESL Activities About Peru

Peru is a beautiful country located in South America. It is known for its rich culture, history, and breathtaking landscapes. If you ever visit Peru, you will be amazed by the stunning mountains, colorful markets, and ancient ruins. One of the most famous landmarks in Peru is Machu Picchu, an Inca city hidden in the mountains. The people of Peru are friendly and welcoming, and they love to share their traditions and customs with visitors.

When you visit Peru, make sure to try delicious Peruvian cuisine. The food in Peru is diverse and flavorful. Some popular dishes include ceviche, a dish made with fresh seafood marinated in lime juice, and lomo saltado, a stir-fry dish with beef, vegetables, and fries. Don’t forget to also try the national drink of Peru, called pisco sour, a refreshing cocktail made with pisco, lime juice, egg white, and bitters.

If you are interested in history, Peru is the perfect place for you. You can explore the ancient ruins of the Inca civilization and learn about their fascinating past. You can also visit museums and see artifacts that tell the story of Peru’s history. The city of Cusco is a great starting point for exploring the Inca trails and ruins.

Peru is also famous for its traditional textiles and handicrafts. Many Peruvian communities still practice ancient weaving techniques, creating beautiful handmade textiles. You can find colorful ponchos, scarves, and rugs in the markets. It’s a great opportunity to buy unique souvenirs and support local artisans.

In conclusion, Peru is a country full of wonders and a great destination for anyone interested in culture, history, and natural beauty. The friendly people, delicious food, and fascinating history make Peru a truly special place to visit.

Vocabulary Word
Definition
culture
the beliefs, customs, and practices of a particular group of people
landscapes
the natural features of an area, such as mountains, hills, and rivers
ancient
very old; from a long time ago
traditions
customs or beliefs that have been handed down from generation to generation
cuisine
the style of cooking of a particular country or region
diverse
having many different types or forms
marinated
soaked in a liquid mixture for a period of time to enhance flavor
handicrafts
items made by hand using traditional methods and materials
weaving
the process of making fabric by interlacing threads
artisans
skilled craft workers who make things by hand

Intermediate ESL Activities About Peru

Peru, located in South America, is a fascinating country known for its rich history, breathtaking landscapes, and vibrant culture. It is home to ancient ruins, such as the famous Machu Picchu, which attract tourists from all over the world.

One of the highlights of visiting Peru is trying the delicious and diverse cuisine. Peruvian dishes, such as ceviche and lomo saltado, are renowned for their unique flavors and the use of local ingredients. The cuisine is a blend of indigenous and Spanish influences, creating a delightful fusion of flavors.

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The Andes Mountains run through Peru, providing incredible opportunities for outdoor activities like hiking and trekking. The beautiful landscapes of the mountains, with their snow-capped peaks and picturesque valleys, offer breathtaking views that will leave you in awe.

Peruvian culture is deeply rooted in traditions and festivals. Inti Raymi, the Festival of the Sun, is celebrated with grand processions and colorful costumes. It is a time when locals honor the sun god and give thanks for a bountiful harvest. The festival showcases traditional dances and music, creating a lively and festive atmosphere.

Peru is also known for its handicrafts, particularly textiles. The intricate designs and vibrant colors of traditional Peruvian textiles are a true work of art. You can find beautifully woven tapestries, blankets, and clothing items made with techniques passed down through generations.

When exploring Peru, it’s important to immerse yourself in the local culture and interact with the friendly locals. Learning a few basic phrases in Spanish will go a long way in enhancing your experience. The Peruvian people are known for their warmth and hospitality, making you feel welcome wherever you go.

In conclusion, Peru is a country of stunning landscapes, flavorful cuisine, and rich traditions. Whether you are interested in history, adventure, or simply immersing yourself in a vibrant culture, Peru is a fantastic destination that will not disappoint.

Vocabulary Word
Definition
fascinating
extremely interesting or captivating
renowned
well-known and admired
fusion
a blending or combination of different elements or styles
breathtaking
stunning, causing great admiration or awe
processions
a line or group of people moving forward in a formal or ceremonial way
intricate
complex or detailed
immersed
deeply involved or absorbed
hospitality
friendly and generous treatment of guests or visitors
destination
a place to which someone is going or something is being sent

Advanced ESL Activities About Peru

Peru, a country located in South America, is home to a rich and diverse culture. With its stunning landscapes, ancient ruins, and vibrant cities, Peru offers a wealth of experiences for adventurous travelers. Whether you are trekking the famous Inca Trail to Machu Picchu or exploring the colonial streets of Lima, Peru is a country that never fails to captivate.

One of Peru’s most iconic features is the breathtaking Andes mountain range, which stretches across the country. The Andes provide a stunning backdrop for many of Peru’s famous landmarks, including the ancient city of Cusco, once the capital of the Inca Empire. Its archaeological sites, such as Sacsayhuaman and Ollantaytambo, offer a glimpse into the country’s fascinating history.

Another must-visit destination in Peru is the Amazon rainforest, a vast ecosystem teeming with diverse wildlife and plant species. Taking a boat ride along the Amazon River, you can witness the incredible biodiversity that makes this region so unique. Keep an eye out for monkeys, colorful birds, and maybe even an elusive jaguar if you’re lucky!

Peru is also known for its delicious cuisine. The country’s traditional dishes, such as ceviche, made with fresh fish marinated in citrus juices, and lomo saltado, a stir-fried beef dish served with rice and potatoes, are a feast for the senses. Don’t forget to try the national drink of Peru, the Pisco Sour, made from grape brandy and lime juice, which is the perfect way to end a day of exploring.

For those interested in ancient civilizations, a visit to the Nazca Lines is a must. These giant geoglyphs etched into the desert sands are a mystery that has fascinated archaeologists for decades. While there, you can take a flight over the lines and marvel at the incredible artistry and precision of these ancient designs.

Exploring the vibrant city of Lima is a great way to experience modern Peru. With its bustling markets, stylish neighborhoods, and world-class museums, Lima offers a taste of contemporary Peruvian culture. Be sure to visit the Larco Museum to see its extensive collection of pre-Columbian art and artifacts.

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Whether you’re a nature lover, history buff, or food enthusiast, Peru has something for everyone. Its diverse landscapes, rich history, and friendly people make it a truly unique destination. So grab your passport, pack your bags, and get ready to embark on an unforgettable adventure in Peru!

Vocabulary Words:

Vocabulary Word
Definition
stunning
extremely impressive or attractive
ruins
the remains of a building, typically an ancient one, that has been destroyed
colonial
relating to or characteristic of a colony or colonies
teeming
be full of or swarming with
biodiversity
the variety of life in the world or in a particular habitat or ecosystem
delicious
highly pleasant to the taste
ceviche
a dish of raw fish marinated in citrus juices, typically served as an appetizer
Pisco Sour
a Peruvian cocktail made with Pisco (grape brandy) and lime juice
geoglyphs
large drawings formed on the ground, especially in the Nazca Desert
pre-Columbian
belonging to the time before the arrival of Columbus in America

ESL Writing Activities About Peru

Beginner ESL Writing Questions about Peru

1. Where is Peru located?
2. What is the official language of Peru?
3. What are some famous tourist attractions in Peru?
4. Describe the traditional clothing worn by Peruvians.
5. Have you ever tried Peruvian food? If so, what did you like/dislike about it?

Intermediate ESL Writing Questions about Peru

1. What is the capital city of Peru? Describe some of its main features.
2. Can you name any famous Peruvian historical figures? Explain their significance.
3. Describe the climate in Peru. How does it differ across different regions?
4. What are some popular traditional dances in Peru? Describe one of them.
5. Share an interesting fact about one of Peru’s ancient civilizations, such as the Inca Empire.

Advanced ESL Writing Questions about Peru

1. Discuss the impact of tourism on Peru. What are the benefits and drawbacks?
2. Peru is known for its rich biodiversity. Explain the importance of protecting and preserving this biodiversity.
3. How have Peruvian cuisine and culinary traditions become internationally recognized? Provide examples.
4. Compare and contrast the cultural differences between Lima (the capital) and Cusco (a historical city).
5. Peru has made efforts to promote sustainable development. Explain some of the sustainable practices implemented in the country.

ESL Roleplay Activities about Peru

1. At the Marketplace: In this roleplay activity, students will pretend to be tourists visiting a bustling marketplace in Peru. They can practice asking for prices, bargaining, and purchasing items such as handicrafts, fruits, or souvenirs from the vendors. Encourage students to use English phrases for negotiating and expressing their preferences.

2. Ordering Peruvian Food: In this roleplay activity, students will take on the roles of customers and servers in a Peruvian restaurant. They can practice ordering authentic Peruvian dishes such as ceviche, lomo saltado, or pollo a la brasa. Encourage students to use English phrases for making requests, asking about ingredients, and expressing their likes and dislikes.

3. Exploring Machu Picchu: In this roleplay activity, students will imagine themselves as tour guides leading a group of tourists on a visit to the famous Inca ruins of Machu Picchu. They can provide historical information, answer questions, and guide their “tourists” around the virtual site. This activity allows students to practice giving descriptions, using location words, and sharing interesting facts about Peru’s cultural heritage.

4. Planning a Trip to Peru: In this roleplay activity, students will work in pairs or small groups to plan a hypothetical trip to Peru. They can take on different roles such as travel agents, tourists, or locals. Students will discuss and negotiate various aspects of the trip, including choosing destinations, booking accommodations, arranging transportation, and discussing activities and attractions. This activity provides a great opportunity for practicing English vocabulary related to travel, accommodations, and tourist attractions.

5. Interviewing Peruvian Personalities: In this roleplay activity, students will take turns interviewing each other as famous Peruvian personalities such as writers, artists, athletes, or musicians. They can research and prepare questions beforehand, and then conduct interviews using English language skills such as asking open-ended questions, clarifying information, and engaging in conversation. This activity allows students to practice their speaking and listening skills while learning about notable individuals from Peru’s rich cultural scene.