The Power and the Glory ESL Lesson Plan [Free PDF]


The Power and the Glory ESL Lesson Plan is designed to delve into the themes, characters, and language of Graham Greene’s renowned novel. This lesson plan aims to engage students in thought-provoking discussions while providing valuable opportunities to enhance their English language skills. By exploring this complex and compelling work of literature, students will not only improve their vocabulary and comprehension but also develop critical thinking and analytical abilities. The story’s rich narrative offers a unique platform for ESL learners to explore diverse aspects of language usage, cultural context, and moral dilemmas within a captivating literary framework.

Vocabulary Building


The quality of being religious or reverent.
Hostility and ill-treatment, especially because of religious beliefs.
The action of saving or being saved from sin, error, or evil.
Violation or misuse of what is regarded as sacred.
Kept secret or done secretively, especially because illicit.

Contextual Usage

1. The character’s piety was evident in his daily prayers and devotion to the church.
2. The priest faced persecution for practicing his faith openly in a hostile environment.
3. The theme of redemption resonates throughout the novel as the protagonist seeks salvation for his past actions.
4. The sacrilege committed in the abandoned church sparked outrage within the community.
5. Their clandestine meetings in remote locations were crucial to avoid detection by the authorities.

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ESL Warm-up Activity

To initiate the lesson, begin with a captivating warm-up activity that immerses students in the world of “The Power and the Glory.” Create a classroom scenario where students are divided into groups and tasked with discussing what attributes define a heroic figure. Encourage them to use descriptive language to articulate their thoughts. This not only sets the stage for exploring the protagonist’s character in the novel but also primes students to engage with themes of morality, redemption, and sacrifice – central elements of The Power and the Glory ESL Lesson Plan.

Main ESL Lesson Activities

Vocabulary Activity: Character Descriptions

Divide the class into small groups and assign each group a character from the novel. Instruct them to create a list of descriptive vocabulary that represents the assigned character’s personality, actions, and motivations. Encourage group discussions to exchange ideas and achieve consensus on the chosen words.

Reading and Writing: Journal Entry

Ask students to imagine themselves as one of the characters in “The Power and the Glory.” Have them write a journal entry from their chosen character’s perspective, reflecting on key events in the story. This activity promotes creative writing skills while reinforcing comprehension of character perspectives.

Roleplay: Moral Dilemmas

Present moral dilemmas inspired by situations in the novel. Divide students into pairs or small groups to roleplay these scenarios, encouraging discussion on ethical choices and consequences. This interactive exercise fosters critical thinking and verbal communication skills.

Listening Comprehension: Podcast Discussion

Select an excerpt from “The Power and the Glory” in audio format for students to listen to carefully. Organize a group discussion afterward, prompting students to analyze themes, language use, and emotions expressed in the extract. This activity hones listening skills while stimulating analytical thinking through verbal expression.

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ESL Homework Assignment

1. Writing Task: Assign students to write a reflective essay on the theme of sacrifice as depicted in “The Power and the Glory.” Encourage them to analyze how this theme is portrayed in the novel and how it relates to real-life contexts.

2. Vocabulary Enrichment: Provide a list of additional challenging words from the novel and ask students to look up their definitions, create sentences using each word, and present their findings in the next class.

3. Character Analysis: Instruct students to choose a character from the novel and prepare a short presentation discussing their motivations, conflicts, and transformations throughout the story.

4. Podcast Review: Have students listen to an episode of a literary podcast that discusses themes or characters from “The Power and the Glory.” Ask them to write a summary of what they learned from listening to the podcast.



Throughout this lesson, we have explored the themes of morality, sacrifice, and redemption as depicted in “The Power and the Glory.” We delved into character analysis, vocabulary enrichment, roleplay activities, and listening comprehension exercises that provided a comprehensive understanding of the novel’s content.


As you reflect on this lesson, consider how analyzing literature can enhance your language skills. Think about how delving into complex narratives and characters can improve your vocabulary acquisition, critical thinking abilities, and written expression. Understanding the intricate layers of a novel like “The Power and the Glory” not only enriches your language development but also broadens your cultural awareness and empathy for diverse perspectives within English literature.

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Why this topic is great for ESL learning

Enhancement of Language Skills

Exploring “The Power and the Glory” in an ESL context provides an excellent opportunity for language development. The novel’s rich vocabulary, complex themes, and nuanced character interactions offer a myriad of learning possibilities that can aid in expanding students’ language skills.

Cultural Understanding

Studying this literary work allows ESL learners to gain insights into historical and cultural aspects, fostering a deeper appreciation for the English language within its broader context. This exposure enables students to connect with diverse perspectives and enhances their cultural literacy.

Promotion of Critical Thinking

Engaging with the moral dilemmas and intricate plotlines within “The Power and the Glory” prompts students to think critically, analyze motivations, and evaluate ethical decisions. This encourages deeper comprehension while honing essential skills relevant to academic study within an ESL environment.